Zika virus is expected to infect between three and four million people in 2016. We have developed a German-English glossary of terms relating to Zika, a global public health emergency described as “a pandemic in progress”.
The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared the Zika virus a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC). This is the same category as Ebola. The current outbreak started in Brazil in May 2015, and has been spreading rapidly. Since October 2015, there has been a surge in reported cases of microcephaly (babies being born with abnormally small heads) in north-east Brazil. The WHO says that a link between Zika and this increase in microcephaly in Brazil is “strongly suspected”.
About Zika virus
Zika is an arbovirus, like dengue and chikungunya. All three viruses are transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes. Zika can be passed from mother to child during pregnancy or birth. It can also be transmitted by blood transfusion or sexual contact.
|Aedes mosquitoes (A. aegypti and A. albopictus).||Tigermücken (pl.) (Aedes aegypti und Aedes albopictus)||German synonyms for A. aegypti: Stegomyia aegypti; Ägyptische Tigermücke (f.); Denguemücke (f.); Gelbfiebermücke (f.). German synonyms for A. albopictus: Stegomyia albopicta; Asiatische Tigermücke (f.)|
|dengue||Dengue-Fieber (n.)||Also: Denguefieber (n.)|
|Public Health Emergency of International Concern||globaler Gesundheitsnotstand (m.)|
|Zika virus||Zika-Virus (n.) [Source: Gesellschaft für Virologie]||Also: Zikavirus (n.) [Source: Robert Koch Institut]|
Zika symptoms, diagnosis and treatment
The most common symptoms of Zika are fever, rash, joint pain and/or conjunctivitis. Other symptoms include headache and muscle pain. A possible link between Guillain-Barré syndrome is being investigated. However, most people infected with Zika are asymptomatic. Zika is diagnosed via a blood test and treatment is focused on the symptoms.
|conjunctivitis||Konjunktivitis (f.); Bindehautentzündung (f.)|
|Guillain-Barré syndrome||Guillain-Barré-Syndrom (n.)|
|joint pain||Gelenkschmerzen (pl.)|
|maculopapular rash||[makulopapulöses] Exanthem (n.); [makulopaulöser] Hautausschlag (m.)|
|muscle pain||Muskelschmerzen (pl.)|
Zika, pregnancy and microcephaly
A link between Zika and microcephaly is currently strongly suspected but has not been confirmed. Officials in some countries affected by Zika have advised women to delay getting pregnant. However, contraception is not widely available in the area and abortion is illegal in many of the countries affected.
|abortion||Interruptio (m.); Schwangerschaftsabbruch (m.); Abtreibung (f.)|
|birth defect||Fehlbildung (f.); Missbildung (f.); Geburtsfehler (m.)|
|congenital anomaly||kongenitale Anomalie (f.)|
|contraception||Kontrazeption (f.); Empfängnisverhütung (f.)|
|developmental delay||Entwicklungsverzögerungen (pl.)|
|foetus (UK) / fetus (US)||Fetus (m.); Fötus (m.); Ungeborene (n.)|
|intellectual disability||geistige Behinderung (f.)|
|neurological disorder||neurologische Erkrankung (f.)|
There is no vaccine for Zika. In areas with the Zika virus, people are advised to practice safe sex and prevent mosquito bites by using insect repellent, covering exposed skin and using screens or mosquito nets.
|insect repellent||Mückenschutzmittel (n.); Repellent (n.)|
|mosquito bite||Mückenstich (n.); Moskitostich (n.)|
|mosquito net||Moskitonetz (n.)|
|safe sex||“safer sex” (m.); Verwendung (f.) von Kondomen|
Other articles in this series
This article is part of a series of German-English glossaries on infectious diseases. Have a look at the other articles in the series:
- Glossary of Zika virus terms in German and English
- Glossary of influenza terms in German and English
- Dengue: a glossary of terms in German and English
References and further information
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